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Sentencing Chart

This chart describes certain prison sentences authorized for those convicted of certain crimes in New York state. (For more on the Federal Sentencing Guidelines, click here). It is not comprehensive, entirely accurate, or a substitute for the advice of a New York State licensed attorney. This chart is a gloss on the state of the sentencing law at the time it was made. If you have been charged with a crime and are seeking to determine your exposure, you should not rely on this chart in any way, but should instead seek the advice of a New York State licensed attorney.

The first step in determining what your sentence may be is your sentencing status based on your criminal history (if any). Depending on your criminal history, you may be adjudicated a second felony offender, a second violent felony offender, or a persistent felony offender. There are also separately-defined sentencing statuses for “major traffickers” and other drug offenders.

Unless otherwise specified, the terms followed by numbers refer to years in prison. All references in the right column refer to the New York State Penal Law. The drug offenses in the chart reflect the law as it will be as of November 1, 2009. Penalties for drug offenses may be different from those listed in the chart if the conviction is before that date.

MINIMUM MAXIMUM PL SECTIONS

Class A-1 Felony (Non-Drug)

Murder 1
No Record Considerations 20 years to life imprisonment Life imprisonment 60.06, 70.00(3)(a)(i), 125.27
Murder 2
No Record Considerations 20 years to life imprisonment Life without parole 125.25(5), 60.06, 70.00
Terrorism, Criminal Possession/Use of Chemical or Biological Weapon
No Record Considerations Life without parole Life without parole 60.06, 490.25, 490.45, 490.55
Other A-1 Felonies
No Record Considerations 15 - 25 Years 25 years to life imprisonment 70.00(2)(a), (3)(a)(i)

Class A-2 Felony (Non-Drug)

Predatory Sexual Assault or Predatory Sexual Assault Against a Child
No prior felonies 10 - 20 years Life imprisonment 130.95, 130.96, 70.00(3)(a)(ii)
Second felony offender 15 years Life imprisonment 130.95, 130.96, 70.00(3)(a)(ii)
Persistent felony offender 25 years Life imprisonment 130.95, 130.96, 70.00(3)(a)(ii)

Class B Felony (Violent)

No prior felonies 5 determinate 25 determinate 70.02(1)(a), 70.02(3)
Second felony offender 8 determinate 25 determinate 70.06(6)
Second violent felony offender 10 determinate 25 determinate 70.04(3)

Class B Felony (Non-Drug, Non-Violent)

No prior felonies 1 - 3 years 8.33 - 25 years 70.00(2)(b)
Second felony offender 4.5 - 13.5 years 8.33 - 25 years 70.06(4)(b)

Class C Felony (Violent)

No prior felonies 3.5 determinate 15 determinate 70.02(1)(b)
Second felony offender 5 determinate 15 determinate 70.06(6)
Second violent felony offender 7 determinate 15 determinate 70.04(3)

Class C Felony (Non-Drug Non-Violent)

No prior felonies 1 - 3 years 5 - 15 years 70.00(2)(c)
Second felony offender 5 determinate 15 determinate 70.06(6)

Class D Felony (Violent)

No prior felonies 2 determinate 7 determinate 70.02(1)(c)
Second felony offender 3 determinate 7 determinate 70.06(6)
Second violent felony offender 5 determinate 7 determinate 70.04(3)

Class D Felony (Non-Drug Non-Violent)

No prior felonies 1 - 2.5 years 3 - 7 years 55.05(1)
Second felony offender 2 - 3.5 years 4 - 7 years 70.06(4)(b)

Class E Felony (Violent)

No prior felonies 1.5 determinate 4 determinate 70.02(1)(d)
Second felony offender 1.5 years 4 years 70.06(4)(b)
Second violent felony offender 2 years 4 years 70.06(6)

Class E Felony (Non-Drug Non-Violent)

No prior felonies 1 - 3 years 1.33 - 4 years 55.05(1)
Second felony offender 2 determinate 4 determinate 70.06(6)

Drug Felony (Class A)

First felony drug offender (A-I) 8 determinate 20 determinate 70.71(2)(b)
First felony drug offender (A-II) Lifetime probation 10 determinate 70.71(2)(b)(ii), 70.71(c)
Second felony drug offender (A-I) 12 determinate 24 determinate 70.71(3)(b)(i)
Second felony drug offender (A-II) 6 determinate 14 determinate 70.71(3)(b)(ii)
Second felony drug offender (Violent)(A-I) 15 determinate 30 determinate 70.71(4)(b)(i)
Second felony drug offender (Violent)(A-II) 8 determinate 17 determinate 70.71(4)(b)(ii)
Major Trafficker 15 - 25 years 25 years to life imprisonment 70.71(5), 70.00(2)(a)

Drug Felony (other than Class A)

First felony drug offender Probation 9 determinate 70.70, 65.00, 60.04
Second felony drug offender (B) Lifetime probation 12 determinate 70.70, 65.00, 60.04
Second felony drug offender (C) Probation 8 determinate 70.70, 65.00, 60.04
Second felony drug offender (D) Probation 4 determinate 70.70, 65.00, 60.04
Second felony drug offender (E) Probation 2 determinate 70.70, 65.00, 60.04
Second felony drug offender (Violent)(B) 6 determinate 15 determinate 70.70, 400.21
Second felony drug offender (Violent)(C) 3.5 determinate 9 determinate 70.70, 400.21
Second felony drug offender (Violent)(D) 2.5 determinate 4.5 determinate 70.70, 400.21
Second felony drug offender (Violent)(D) 2 determinate 2.5 determinate 70.70, 400.21

Class A Misdemeanor

No record considerations Conditional discharge 1 year determinate 70.15(2), 85.00(2)(a)

Class B Misdemeanor

No record considerations Conditional discharge 6 months determinate 70.15(1), 85.00(2)(a), (3)

Unclassified Misdemeanor

No record considerations Specified in law Specified in law

Unclassified Misdemeanor

No record considerations Conditional discharge 1 year determinate 55.10.(2)(b)

Violation

No record considerations Conditional discharge 15 days' jail determinate 55.10(3), 70.15(4), 85.00(2)(a), (3)

Marijuana Violation

First offense Fine $100 fine 221.05
Second offense (within 3 years) Fine $200 fine 221.05
Third offense (within 3 years) Fine 15 days' jail 221.05

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